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Termite infestations in homes will often go undetected by homeowners for many years since it's hard to distinguish evidence of action. Termites will hide in walls or in crawl spaces or in other inaccessible areas within a home. They are sneaky. They dont want to be found or be outside in sunlight. .
Most termite species are native to North America. Formosan termites are the only species that was transported to U.S. after World War II and are found primarily in California, Florida and along the Gulf Coast.
Termites have three body segments (head, thorax, and abdomen) that are joined widely, unlike many ants. Species aside, termites are divided into the following broad groups:
Termite larvae are extremely small and white in colour. The immatures are cared for by the other termites in the nest until they develop into a reproductive or worker. Whether they become a reproductive or worker depends on the needs of the colony and will be determined during molting.
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Termites are identified in a few different ways. The main thing that people need to bear in mind is that many times to find evidence of activity you really need to conduct a thorough termite inspection.
Termite droppings (Frass)A pile of feces pellets can be indicative of a termite infestation. The termite droppings often resemble sawdust, because the stool is included of the timber the termites consume.
SwarmersTermite swarms are the #1 way that most homeowners recognize they have a termite infestation. These winged termites emerge from nests in huge groups. Individuals might see these winged insects pop out and fly around in swarms near a property. Swarmers are looking to partner and contact the ground.
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Mud tubesFor subterranean termites, you can identify activity by identifying sand tubes (also called foraging tubes) that termites use for transportation from soil to cellulose substance (AKA your home ). They will build mud tubes whenever they will be subjected to mild and predators. This way they have a protected traveling way to get from Point A to Point B..
You can often find termites on foundation walls where there's an expansion seam where they can get in the structural timber that's resting on the top of the foundation find out this here (basement walls or crawl space walls). On occasion you'll find termites in the corner of the joists and the header planks in the substructure of a home.
Termite galleries and ruined woodAnother way you can identify termite activity is to examine ruined timber for termite galleries. For those who are not trained, it can be challenging to perform. Generally, subterranean termite galleries proceed with the grain of the timber. These galleries will often contain sand. Termites want to maintain an optimal humidity/moisture degree wherever theyre traveling since they desiccate relatively readily.
Termite galleries are generally found on the substructure of a property such as the basement or a crawlspace. If you examine the structures header board and floor joists that break upon the foundation wall, you might be able to from this source identify the gallery. At the point in time, its highly recommended to call in a professional.
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Drywood termites are a tiny bit different. They dont originate from the ground. They really gallery out and live in the wood theyre infesting and feeding on. In locations where drywoods are prevalent, you may often find them infesting attics, ceiling joists, roof rafters, on the wooden exteriors of houses, wood posts, wood fascia boards, exposed rafter tails and other wooden constructions in and around a home.You will not find subway in drywood termite galleries but you'll find mosquito pellets.
The pellets almost seem like thick grain sand. The color of drywood termite pellets can vary depending on the kind of wood they're infesting on. .
Depending on where you reside in the United States, the termite pressures confronted may be very different. In the United States, there are approximately 50 species of termites, only 20 of which are of concern for structures.Subterranean termites are the most common species of termites in most areas in the U.S.
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In states like California and Florida, drywood termites are just as prevalent as subterranean termites. .
Termites consume cellulose material. They will feed on anything which contains cellulose. Most houses are constructed of conventional timber that contain cellulose. Termites have also been known to feed on cardboard, paper, cotton shirts or anything which contains cellulose as a food supply.